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Breast Cancer(BRCA1, BRCA2)

Overview
The BRCA gene test is a blood test that uses DNA analysis to identify harmful changes (mutations) in either one of the two breast cancer susceptibility genes — BRCA1 and BRCA2.
Women who have inherited mutations in these genes are at an increased risk of developing breast cancer and ovarian cancer compared with the general population.
The BRCA gene test is offered only to people who are likely to have an inherited mutation based on personal or family history, or who have a specific type of breast cancer.
The BRCA gene test isn’t routinely performed on women at average risk of breast and ovarian cancers.
A BRCA gene test determines whether you carry an inherited BRCA mutation. If you do, your result is positive and your doctor can help you understand your cancer risk. If you don’t have a mutation, this is considered a negative result.
USAGE:
The BRCA gene test is a blood test that uses DNA analysis to identify harmful changes (mutations) in either one of the two breast cancer susceptibility genes — BRCA1 and BRCA2.People who inherit mutations in these genes are at an increased risk of developing breast cancer and ovarian cancer compared with the general population. The BRCA gene test is offered to those who are likely to have an inherited mutation based on personal or family history of breast cancer or ovarian cancer. The BRCA gene test isn’t routinely performed on people at average risk of breast and ovarian cancers
BREAST CANCER SYMPTOMS AND WARNING SIGNS
In its early stages, breast cancer usually has no symptoms. As a tumor grows, you may notice these signs:
1. Lump in your breast or underarm
2. Swelling in the armpit, collarbone, or breast
3. Pain or tenderness in your breast
4. A flat or indented area on your breast
5. Breast changes
6. A change in your nipple
It could: Pull inward, Get dimpled, Burn, Itch, Develop sores
7. Nipple discharge
Specimen Required: Whole blood/ Tissue
Collection Container/Tube:
Preferred: EDTA Vial (Whole Blood)
Normal Saline (Tissue)
Specimen Volume: 2-3 mL

 





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